Shar Pei breed members are susceptible to a number of diseases. These diseases include skin problems, which can be chronic, and require long-term treatment. Eye problems are also common, including entropion, which is a painful condition characterized by corneal irritation. In severe cases, it can lead to blindness and requires surgical correction.
The symptoms of amyloidosis in Shar pei can be difficult to diagnose without a thorough autopsy. A Shar pei with FSF usually has abnormally high levels of Interleukin-6, which is an important trigger for the production of APP, precursors of the protein Amyloid AA. FSF is also associated with increased production of immune system cells called lymphocytes, which are responsible for fighting infections and mounting an antibody response.
Amyloidosis is a progressive disease characterized by deposits of abnormally folded proteins in various organs of the body. Certain types are hereditary, such as in Chinese Shar peis, while others can be the result of other diseases, including hepatitis and other severe immune-related conditions. Regardless of its cause, amyloidosis causes damage to organs, tissues and the immune system.
Amyloidosis in Shar pei is a leading cause of kidney failure in this breed. This disease can affect both FSF and FMF, affecting up to 25% of the breed. In most cases, the disease affects dogs between two and five years of age. The disease is associated with an increased risk of thrombotic phenomena and immune-mediated kidney failure. Amyloidosis in Shar pei is thought to be an animal model of FMF in humans, since the symptoms and signs of the disease are similar to those of FMF in man.
Skin fold infections
Shar Pei are predisposed to a variety of skin diseases, including skin fold infections. These infections can be difficult to control, but there are treatments for these issues. Long-term medication can help control the symptoms of skin fold infections in Shar Pei. However, it may be impossible to prevent constant irritation.
If you notice skin folds on your dog’s face, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible. The disease can be chronic if not treated properly. However, a proper home care regimen can help prevent recurrence. In some cases, skin folds may need to be surgically removed.
The treatment for this condition includes oral antibiotics and specific shampoos. It is recommended to consult a vet if you suspect that your Shar Pei has a skin tumor. However, most of the products for this condition can dry out the fur of your dog. It is important to note that any dog can develop skin tumors. However, certain factors can make a dog more susceptible to these conditions, including proximity to toxic products and lack of proper care.
A dog’s skin is not sterile, and there are always bacteria and yeast present. These organisms thrive in pockets between skin folds and create a perfect environment for infection. These pockets may develop in areas with decreased air circulation. The bacteria and yeast can cause pain and irritation.
The Shar-Pei suffers from a number of illnesses and diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This disease is an immune system disorder, causing the lining of the digestive system to thicken, preventing proper absorption of nutrients. It can cause diarrhea and chronic vomiting, and may be triggered by changes in diet or stress. In some cases, intestinal parasites may also cause this disease, and diagnostic tests may include a biopsy. Once diagnosed, lifelong medication and special diets are needed to treat the disease.
Researchers have discovered that the genetic variant responsible for the wrinkly skin of Shar-Peis may also lead to increased susceptibility to FSF. This finding could help dog breeders develop healthier Shar-Peis, and may offer a new explanation for periodic fevers.
A common skin disease that can affect Shar Pei dogs is seborrhea, a common condition that causes greasy or dry skin. Seborrhea can also cause a dog to smell. Other medical conditions that can lead to seborrhea include allergies, hypothyroidism, and Cushing’s disease.
The Shar pei breed is known for its wrinkly skin and frequent bouts of fever, and researchers have identified a gene that contributes to this problem. The HAS2 gene is responsible for producing mucin and hyaluronan. The gene is different in Shar Peis with wrinkles versus those with smooth skin. Breeders are working to find a way to eliminate this genetic susceptibility.
Currently, genetic testing is not available on the Shar Pei breed, but it may be available in the future. This might make it easier for breeders to produce healthier Shar Pei dogs. Alternatively, it may not be necessary. Nonetheless, genetic testing can help breeders find the right puppies with wrinkle-free skin.
Shar pei skin wrinkles are caused by a gene called hyaluronic acid synthase 2. This gene is necessary for the formation of hyaluronan in the dog’s skin. Hyaluronan is a component of mucin, which forms a layer of moisturizing fluid under the skin. This moisture is important to the health of the dog’s skin and should be kept at a high level.
Skin folds in Shar pei are prone to skin infections and skin fold dermatitis. Regular grooming is essential to avoid these infections. Regular brushing stimulates the production of important skin oils. For dogs with more severe skin problems, special cleaning products may be required.
Thyroid hormone deficiency
Many Shar peis have hypothyroidism, and some can develop a specialized form of the condition known as tertiary hypothyroidism. This condition causes the body to produce too much hyaluronic acid (HA), which inhibits TSH secretion. If the dog is experiencing clinical signs, like weight gain, lethargy, and irritability, thyroid hormone replacement is needed. Additional symptoms include frequent ear infections and leg and facial edema.
Skin problems are another complication that can arise in Shar Peis. Some of these can become chronic and require long-term treatment. One of the most painful conditions is entropion, which causes corneal irritation. In severe cases, it can result in blindness.
A blood test can be performed to diagnose hypothyroidism. It is possible for a dog to have normal or low levels of T4, T3 or T4. But a lower concentration of T4 can indicate an underlying problem. A complete thyroid panel is also recommended, which measures the levels of T4 and TSH as well as free T4 in the blood. The drug of choice for treating hypothyroidism in dogs is levothyroxine, which is available by prescription.
Shar pei dogs are susceptible to a number of health issues, including renal amyloidosis and mast cell tumors. HA binding to CD44 plays a critical role in murine mast cell proliferation and may also regulate cutaneous mast cell populations. Overproduction of HA in Shar-Peis may be a factor in their predilection for mast cell driven inflammation.